Health

How to Diagnose Pneumonia

A full blood count is one way to diagnose pneumonia, as it shows whether the patient has an infection and whether the immune system is fighting it. Pulse oximetry measures the oxygen levels in the blood. An arterial gas test measures blood oxygen levels. Other tests can also be used to determine the cause of the illness. In severe cases, a person may require surgery or draining the fluid from the lungs. If a person does not respond to treatment, they should see a doctor immediately.

Adults may experience fever and chills

Pneumonia symptoms vary between individuals. For instance, infants do not have any visible signs of the infection. Adults, on the other hand, may experience fever and chills. People with a compromised immune system may experience milder symptoms. Older adults with pneumonia may experience sudden changes in mental awareness and confusion. When the infection is not treated in a timely manner, it can lead to bacterialemia, which can cause septic shock.

It may require surgery to remove it

Other symptoms of pneumonia include fluid accumulation around the lungs. This fluid may accumulate in the thin space between lung tissue layers and become infected. In such cases, it may be necessary to drain the fluid or to perform surgery to remove it. When pus forms in the lung cavity, this condition is called a lung abscess. Typically, antibiotics will treat the infection. A long needle or tube may be used to drain the pus.

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